Breast Cancer – The Symptoms and the Risk Factors
When the cells in the breast grow rapidly and go out of control, this when breast cancer occurs. These rapidly growing cells form a tumor which is the first to get diagnosed through an x-ray. This tumor is said to be malignant if the cells spread or grow into the tissues surrounding it and other areas of the body. Breast cancers are normally associated with women; however, men can also have breast cancer.
What are the Symptoms and Signs of Breast Cancer?
There are a couple of signs and symptoms which should raise the red flag. Here are some of them
- A thickening or a lump in the breast which would feel different than the nearby tissues
- The shape, size and the appearance of the breast would change significantly
- There would be change in the skin of the breast. Dimpling for an example.
- One might invent the growth of new nipple
- Scaling, flaking, peeling or crusting of the pigmented region of the skin which surrounds breast skin or nipple.
- Pitting or redness of the skin of the breast.
If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, then it is time to visit a doctor. The only way to get rid of it is by going through proper breast cancer treatment
What are the Risk Factors?
You can have breast cancer for any number of reasons. However, the following risk factors are which are primarily responsible
- Being a Woman: Sounds unfortunate, but it’s a fact! Women are most likely to get affected by breast cancer
- Age: The risk of breast cancer increases as you grow older
- Breast Condition: If you ever had a biopsy of your breast done which detected LCIS or lobular carcinoma in situ, then you are in a high-risk zone.
- History of Breast Cancer: If you have ever had breast cancer in one breast, then the chances of having it in another one is quite high.
- Family History: Had anyone in your family had breast cancer? If they did, in that case, the risk is quite high for you. However, most of the people diagnosed, do not have any family history of breast cancer
- Radiation Exposure: If you have ever gone through radiation treatments to the chest in childhood or as a young adult, then the chances are quite high
- Obesity: This is considered to be as one of the key risk factors. It has been studied that obesity can lead to breast cancer over a period of time.
How to Reduce the Risk?
For those who are at a high-risk zone of breast cancer, for them, there are certain preventive means and mechanism. Here are some of them
- Chemoprevention (Preventive Medication): Aromatase inhibitors, selective estrogen receptor and other types of Estrogen-blocking medications help a lot to reduce the risk factor.
- Preventive Surgery: Those who have the risk of breast cancer can choose to get their healthy breast surgically removed.
Like liver canceror any other type of cancer, breast cancer too is a serious ailment and needs to be treated at an early stage. There is nothing to get worried about if you are diagnosed positive. These days highly advanced and modern cancer treatment procedures have evolved which have proven to be quite effective.